[open-science] A Reputation Economy: Results from an Empirical Survey on Academic Data Sharing
florence.piron at com.ulaval.ca
Mon May 4 19:04:47 UTC 2015
Very interesting study.
> Academic data sharing is a way for researchers to collaborate and
> thereby meet the needs of an increasingly complex research landscape.
> It enables researchers to verify results and to pursuit new research
> questions with “old” data. It is therefore not surprising that data
> sharing is advocated by funding agencies, journals, and researchers
> alike. We surveyed 2661 individual academic researchers across all
> disciplines on their dealings with data, their publication practices,
> and motives for sharing or withholding research data. The results for
> 1564 valid responses show that researchers across disciplines
> recognise the benefit of secondary research data for their own work
> and for scientific progress as a whole—still they only practice it in
> moderation. An explanation for this evidence could be an academic
> system that is not driven by monetary incentives, nor the desire for
> scientific progress, but by individual reputation—expressed in (high
> ranked journal) publications. We label this system a Reputation
> Economy. This special economy explains our findings that show that
> researchers have a nuanced idea how to provide adequate formal
> recognition for making data available to others—namely data citations.
> We conclude that data sharing will only be widely adopted among
> research professionals if sharing pays in form of reputation. Thus,
> policy measures that intend to foster research collaboration need to
> understand academia as a reputation economy. Successful measures must
> value intermediate products, such as research data, more highly than
> it is the case now.
> A Reputation Economy: Results from an Empirical Survey on Academic
> Data Sharing
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